Journal Article

Dental and occlusal changes during mandibular advancement splint therapy in sleep disordered patients

Christopher Robertson, Peter Herbison and Michael Harkness

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 25, issue 4, pages 371-376
Published in print August 2003 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online August 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/25.4.371
Dental and occlusal changes during mandibular advancement splint therapy in sleep disordered patients

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The aims of this longitudinal, observational study were two‐fold: first, to determine in adults with sleep disorders the extent of dental and occlusal changes following the use of a mandibular advancement splint (MAS) and, second, to determine the time course of these changes.

One hundred adult subjects (87 males, 13 females) diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and/or asymptomatic snoring were treated with non‐adjustable MAS. At the outset each subject was randomly assigned to a group and reviewed 6, 12, 18, 24 or 30 months after placement of a splint. There were 20 subjects in each group. Craniofacial changes were measured on lateral cephalometric radiographs taken at the initial and review appointments.

When the changes in all subjects were examined, the SNA, ANB angles, ANS–PNS length and face height increased, and the mandibular first molars and the maxillary first premolars significantly over‐erupted. Significant retroclination of the maxillary incisors and proclination of the mandibular incisors were accompanied by reductions in maxillary arch length, overbite and overjet. When the changes over time were determined, the mandibular symphysis was significantly lower at all review periods. An increase in face height and reductions in overbite and overjet were evident at 6 months, and over‐eruption of the maxillary first premolars and mandibular first molars, and proclination of the lower incisors were found at 24 months. Significant positive correlations were also found between the amount of anterior opening by the appliances and changes in overbite at 24 and 30 months.

The appliance used produced small, unpredictable changes in the occlusion that tended to occur after 24 months' wear. It is postulated that the changes in overbite might be lessened by keeping the bite opening to a minimum.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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