Journal Article

Tensile properties of orthodontic elastomeric chains

T. Eliades, G. Eliades, N. Silikas and D. C. Watts

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 26, issue 2, pages 157-162
Published in print April 2004 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online April 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/26.2.157
Tensile properties of orthodontic elastomeric chains

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The purpose of this investigation was to assess the permanent elongation, tensile strength and toughness of elastomeric chains. Two types (open and closed chains, i.e. with and without an intermodular link) of three brands of elastomeric module yielding six groups were included in the study. Specimens with equal numbers of loops were measured and classified into four groups based on their ageing state: (a) as-received; (b) subjected to a 24 hour steady strain in air determined as 50 per cent of original length; (c) exposed intraorally for 24 hours; and (d) retrieved following 3 weeks of intraoral exposure. All specimens were subjected to tensile stress and their behaviour was analysed with three-way ANOVA and Tukey's multiple comparison test at α = 0.05 level of significance, with brand, type (open or closed chains), and treatment variables serving as discriminating variables.

Modular geometry or design were found not to have significant effects on elongation, probably due to the substantial variation in chain shape, modular size, and link length among products of the same category. Similarly, no correlation was identified between specimen treatment and the tensile strength of elastomers. The toughness results were not consistent with the group rankings for tensile strength, probably because of variation in the elastic and plastic deformation of specimens upon loading.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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