Journal Article

A comparative study of polymerization lamps to determine the degree of cure of composites using infrared spectroscopy

B. Wendl, H. Droschl and W. Kern

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 26, issue 5, pages 545-551
Published in print October 2004 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online October 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/26.5.545
A comparative study of polymerization lamps to determine the degree of cure of composites using infrared spectroscopy

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The aim of this study was to compare polymerization lamps of various technologies (halogen, high performance halogen, xenon, i.e. plasma arc, as well as diode lamps) to determine the degree of polymerization of composite probes using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. To observe the light-induced curing reaction under a bracket, an attenuated total reflection (ATR)–FTIR was used.

The results showed that the recommended curing times for all the polymerization lamps tested were adequate for successful polymerization of the composite used (degree of conversion approximately 60 per cent, which did not exceed 66 per cent after longer curing times). However, even after very long curing times, delayed curing of the composite must be taken into consideration as there was a decrease of approximately 10 per cent in FTIR band intensities (1637 and 3104 cm−1). ATR–FTIR spectroscopy showed that when bonding brackets with materials cured by light, uncured areas remain in the centre of the lowest layer of the adhesive.

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Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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