Journal Article

Three-dimensional numerical simulation of dental implants as orthodontic anchorage

M. M. Gallas, M. T. Abeleira, J. R. Fernández and M. Burguera

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 27, issue 1, pages 12-16
Published in print February 2005 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online February 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjh066
Three-dimensional numerical simulation of dental implants as orthodontic anchorage

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Endosseous oral implants have been used as orthodontic anchorage in subjects with multiple tooth agenesis, and their application under orthodontic loading has been demonstrated clinically and experimentally. The aim of this investigation was to examine three-dimensional (3D) bone and implant finite element (FE) models. The first model assumed that there was no osseointegration and the second that full osseointegration had occurred. These models were used to determine the pattern and distribution of stresses within the ITI-Bonefit® endosseous implant and its supporting tissues when used as an orthodontic anchorage unit. The study examined a threaded implant placed in an edentulous segment of a human mandible with cortical and cancellous bone.

The results, using both models, indicated that the maximum stresses were always located around the neck of the implant, in the marginal bone. Thus, this area should be preserved clinically in order to maintain the bone-implant interface structurally and functionally.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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