Journal Article

Soluble cytokine receptor treatment in experimental orthodontic tooth movement in the rat

Andreas Jäger, Dongliang Zhang, Afshar Kawarizadeh, Rene Tolba, Bert Braumann, Stefan Lossdörfer and Werner Götz

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 27, issue 1, pages 1-11
Published in print February 2005 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online February 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Soluble cytokine receptor treatment in experimental orthodontic tooth movement in the rat

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Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), are believed to play a role in the biological processes involved in the course of orthodontic tooth movement and especially in root resorption. The inhibition of cytokine activity, e.g. by soluble receptors, could be beneficial in reducing this unwanted side-effect.

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of cytokines IL-1 and TNF-α in the course of experimentally induced tooth movement. The upper left first molar was moved orthodontically in 80 male Wistar rats using a coil spring with a force of 0.5 N. Starting at day –1, three groups of 20 animals each received daily intraperitoneal injections (ip) of 2 ml of 1 μg/ml soluble receptors (a) to IL-1(sIL-RII), (b) to TNF-α (sTNF-α-RI) and (c) a combination of (a) and (b). Twenty animals served as the control. After 3, 6, 9 and 12 days, the animals were killed in groups of five. The amount of tooth movement was registered and the maxillae were prepared for histological and histomorphometric analysis. Osteoclasts and odontoclasts were identified using tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) histochemistry.

The amount of tooth movement was reduced in all receptor-treated groups by approximately 50 per cent. At the same time, the number of TRAP-positive cells on the desmodontal bone surface and on the surface of the roots was reduced. Thus, systemic application of soluble receptors to IL-1 and TNF-α following experimental induction of tooth movement in the rat reduced the number of osteoclasts as well as odontoclasts.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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