Journal Article

A determination of bite force in northern Japanese children

Tetsuya Kamegai, Toshiyoshi Tatsuki, Hiroyuki Nagano, Haruki Mitsuhashi, Joe Kumeta, Yoshihito Tatsuki, Takuya Kamegai and Daisuke Inaba

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 27, issue 1, pages 53-57
Published in print February 2005 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online February 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
A determination of bite force in northern Japanese children

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The bite force of 2594 school children (1248 males and 1346 females) living in northern Japan was investigated during oral health examinations in May and June 2001, using a new type of occlusal force gauge. The subjects were recruited from a variety of educational institutes and comprised: 73 nursery (3–5 years old), 1019 primary (6–11 years old), 902 junior high (12–14 years old) and 600 high (15–17 years old) school children. The measuring apparatus consisted of a hydraulic pressure gauge, with a bite element encased in a plastic tube. The bite force was measured at the first molar or second primary molar in the children presenting in the permanent and primary dentitions, respectively.

The findings revealed significant variations in bite force between children of different ages. The average bite force was 186.2 N in males and 203.4 N in females of nursery school children; 374.4 N in males and 330.5 N in females of primary school children; 514.9 N in males and 448.7 N in females of junior high school children; and 545.3 N in males and 395.2 N in females of high school children. The prevalence of malocclusion in the nursery school children was found to be less than 30 per cent, which contrasted with almost 70 per cent in the high school children.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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