Journal Article

Orthodontically induced root and alveolar bone resorption: inhibitory effect of systemic doxycycline administration in rats

Maria Mavragani, Pongsri Brudvik and Knut Andreas Selvig

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 27, issue 3, pages 215-225
Published in print June 2005 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online June 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cji015
Orthodontically induced root and alveolar bone resorption: inhibitory effect of systemic doxycycline administration in rats

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The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of systemic administration of low-dose doxycycline (DC) on orthodontic root resorption. The effect on alveolar bone, the cell population involved, and the amount of tooth movement were also evaluated.

Fifty-six 40–50-day-old male Wistar rats were used. Six animals served as untreated controls. Six animals were only administered DC for 7 days, by means of a mini-osmotic pump implanted subcutaneously. In 44 animals the maxillary first molar was mesialized by a fixed orthodontic appliance exerting 50 g force upon insertion. In 28 of these animals DC was administered at the time of appliance insertion and throughout the experiment. The animals were sacrificed 7, 10 or 14 days after force application and block sections processed for analysis. An area including the mesial aspect of the distopalatal root and the adjacent inter-radicular alveolar bone was histomorphometrically evaluated. The root resorption area, absolute alveolar bone area, distance between first and second molars, number of odontoclasts, osteoclasts, mononuclear cells on the root, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive cells on the root, bone, and in the periodontal ligament (PDL) were compared between DC-treated and non-DC-treated animals.

The results revealed a significant reduction in root resorption, the number of odontoclasts, osteoclasts, mononuclear cells on the root surface, and TRAP-positive cells on the root and bone for the DC–administered group. The absolute alveolar bone area was greater, whereas the distance between the first and second molars did not differ between groups.

In conclusion, systemic administration of low-dose DC in rats may have an inhibitory effect on orthodontically induced resorptive activity.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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