Journal Article

Comparison of tooth size discrepancies among different malocclusion groups

Hamid Reza Fattahi, Hamid Reza Pakshir and Zohreh Hedayati

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 28, issue 5, pages 491-495
Published in print October 2006 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online June 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjl012
Comparison of tooth size discrepancies among different malocclusion groups

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This retrospective investigation was designed to compare tooth size discrepancies among subjects with different skeletal malocclusions in an orthodontic population. The study employed the pre-treatment models of 200 patients (100 males, 100 females, aged from 14 to 20 years) selected from the records of the Orthodontic Department, Shiraz Dental School. The subjects were from four malocclusion groups, Class I, Class II division 1, Class II division 2, and Class III, with the corresponding skeletal characteristics. Each group comprised 50 healthy individuals (25 males, 25 females). The mesio-distal dimensions of teeth were measured using digital electronic callipers (accurate to 0.01 mm) and the Bolton indices were determined. The data were statistically analysed using analysis of variance and Duncan's multiple range test, with the level of significance set at P < 0.05.

The results revealed that the mean anterior ratio (79.01) for the whole sample was statistically significantly different from Bolton's (77.2) but no significant difference was found for the overall ratio. The posterior and overall ratios of the Class III malocclusion group were statistically greater than the other malocclusion groups (P < 0.05). The mean anterior ratio of the Class III group was greater than that of the Class II group. However, there was no difference when compared with the Class I malocclusion group. For the two types of Class II malocclusion, no significant ratio differences were observed.

Journal Article.  2606 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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