Journal Article

Prevalence of malocclusions in Hungarian adolescents

Katalin Gábris, Sándor Márton and Melinda Madléna

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 28, issue 5, pages 467-470
Published in print October 2006 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online August 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjl027
Prevalence of malocclusions in Hungarian adolescents

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The aim of this epidemiological study was to assess the prevalence of malocclusion, associated caries experience, and level of oral hygiene in the Hungarian population using the World Health Organisation (WHO) questionnaire designed to assess dentofacial anomalies. A total of 483 adolescents (289 girls, 194 boys), aged 16-18 years, were assessed.

Orthodontic anomalies were detected in 70.4 per cent of the sample. Crowding and spacing were observed in 14.3 and 17 per cent, respectively, with the latter being more prevalent in the maxilla than in the mandible (10.4 and 2.9 per cent, respectively). A Class I occlusion was found in 52.8 per cent of the subjects. A half cusp anomaly in the antero-posterior molar relationship was more prevalent than a full cusp anomaly (26.9 and 20.3 per cent, respectively). The decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT), the decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (DMFS), and the visible plaque indices scores (VPI) of the 340 adolescents with malocclusion were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than those of the adolescents who displayed no anomalies. The prevalence of malocclusion in the Hungarian population seems to be comparable with other European communities.

Journal Article.  2004 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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