Journal Article

Biomechanical finite-element investigation of the position of the centre of resistance of the upper incisors

S Reimann, L Keilig, A Jäger and Christoph Bourauel

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 29, issue 3, pages 219-224
Published in print June 2007 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online February 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjl086
Biomechanical finite-element investigation of the position of the centre of resistance of the upper incisors

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The position of the centre of resistance (CR) is an essential parameter regarding the planning of orthodontic tooth movements. In the present investigation, the combined CR of the upper four incisors was determined numerically using the finite-element (FE) method.

Based on a commercially available three-dimensional data set of a maxilla, including all 16 teeth, as well as known and earlier determined material parameters, FE models of the upper incisors and their surrounding tooth-supporting structures were generated. In the FE system, the model of the anterior segment was loaded with torques of 10 Nmm each at the lateral incisors.

The FE model indicated that the individual incisors moved independently, although they were blocked with a steel wire of dimension 0.46 × 0.65 mm2. The individual CRs were located at 5 mm distal and 9 and 12 mm apical to the centre of the lateral brackets. Thus, the classical view of a combined CR for the anterior segment was disproved and the planning of orthodontic tooth movements of the upper incisors should no longer be based on that concept.

Journal Article.  3516 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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