Journal Article

Development of a device to measure bracket debonding force <i>in vivo</i>

José Renato Prietsch, Ana Maria Spohr, Isaac Newton Lima da Silva, João Carlos Pinheiro Beck and Hugo Mitsuo Silva Oshima

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 29, issue 6, pages 564-570
Published in print December 2007 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online September 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Development of a device to measure bracket debonding force in vivo

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The purposes of this study were to develop a device to measure bracket debonding force in vivo and to evaluate, in vitro, the bond strength obtained with the device and with tensile and shear bond strength (SBS) tests performed in a universal testing machine.

The device was developed using polypropylene pliers (3M Unitek). The basic principle consisted of measuring the applied force to debond, using two strain gauges (Kyowa) bonded to the region of major deformation of the plier handles. The crowns of 75 bovine incisors were embedded in acrylic resin and orthodontic brackets were bonded to the facial surface with Transbond XT (3M Unitek). In group A (n = 25) debonding was carried out with the device, while tensile bond strength testing was performed in group B (n = 25) and SBS testing in group C (n = 25). A universal testing machine (EMIC-DL-2000) was used for these last two groups.

According to analysis of variance and Tukey's test (α = 0.05), the mean bond strength for group C (7.71 MPa) was statistically higher than for groups A (2.98 MPa) and B (2.69 MPa). Groups A and B were not statistically different.

The device was shown to be feasible to obtain in vivo bond strength values for orthodontic brackets, and that the bond strength values were dependent on the method and direction of debonding.

Journal Article.  4172 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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