Journal Article

Osseointegration of miniscrews: a histomorphometric evaluation

Bart Vande Vannet, Mehran Moradi Sabzevar, Heinrich Wehrbein and Karlien Asscherickx

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 29, issue 5, pages 437-442
Published in print October 2007 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online October 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjm078
Osseointegration of miniscrews: a histomorphometric evaluation

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Mini-implants and miniscrews are commonly used in orthodontics to provide additional temporary intraoral anchorage. Partial osseointegration represents a distinct advantage in orthodontic applications, allowing effective anchorage to be combined with easy insertion and removal. This article reports the histomorphometric findings of the osseointegration of bracket screw bone anchors (BSBAs).

In an experimental animal study, four BSBAs were inserted in the alveolar process of the lower jaw in each of five male beagle dogs, aged 6.5 months from the same mother.

Eleven screws were lost during the study, nine of them due to lack of primary stability. One screw was removed at the end of the examination period for evaluation of ease of removal. After 6 months, histological evaluation of the eight remaining screws was performed to evaluate the extent of osseointegration. All eight screws showed partial osseointegration (mean 74.48 per cent, standard deviation ± 15.33 per cent). The amount of osseointegration was independent of loading time and location (anterior or posterior), as tested with an independent samples t-test (P > 0.05).

Analysis of the data indicated that small titanium screws were able to function as rigid osseous anchors against an orthodontic load of 200 cN for 6, 12, 18, or 24 weeks after a minimal healing period or no healing period. These findings show that miniscrews, used for temporary anchorage in orthodontics, partially osseointegrate.

Journal Article.  2850 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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