Journal Article

A comparison of dentoalveolar inclination treated by two palatal expanders

Nihat Kılıç, Ali Kiki and Hüsamettin Oktay

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 30, issue 1, pages 67-72
Published in print February 2008 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online February 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjm099
A comparison of dentoalveolar inclination treated by two palatal expanders

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The objective of the present study was to evaluate buccal dentoalveolar inclinations in subjects treated with a Hyrax (tooth-borne) or acrylic-bonded (tooth-tissue borne) palatal expander. The sample comprised 39 patients (10 males and 29 females) aged between 11 and 16 years randomly assigned to two groups. Rapid maxillary expansion (RME) was carried out with a Hyrax appliance in one group (n = 21) and with an acrylic-bonded appliance in the other (n = 18). Their mean ages were 13 years 9 months and 13 years 6 months, respectively. Orthodontic study models were obtained before RME (T1) and approximately 1 week after completion of maxillary expansion (T2). A line of barium sulphate solution was drawn between the upper first molars on the models, and radiographs were taken. The radiographic images of the models were transferred to digital medium, and buccal tipping of the molar crowns and alveolar processes were evaluated by means of a software program. The data were analysed by paired and Student's t-tests.

Both RME appliances produced significant (P < 0.001) dentoalveolar tipping during RME, but this was greater in the Hyrax group (P < 0.05).

Journal Article.  2939 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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