Journal Article

Analysis of the soft tissue facial profile by means of angular measurements

Sandra Anicÿ-Miloševicÿ, Marina Lapter-Varga and Mladen Šlaj

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 30, issue 2, pages 135-140
Published in print April 2008 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online February 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Analysis of the soft tissue facial profile by means of angular measurements

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics


Show Summary Details


An aesthetically pleasing and balanced face is one of the objectives of orthodontic treatment. An understanding of the soft tissues and their normal ranges enables a treatment plan to be formulated to normalize the facial traits for a given individual. The aim of this study was to evaluate the variables defining the soft tissue facial profile of a Croatian (Caucasian) sample, by means of angular measurements typically used for aesthetic treatment goals. Additionally, gender differences were tested. The soft tissue facial profiles of 110 dental students (52 males and 58 females) between 23 and 28 years of age at the University of Zagreb, Croatia, with a dental Class I occlusal relationship and harmonious soft tissue profile were studied by means of standardized photographs taken in the natural head position (NHP). To compare males and females, a Student's t-test was used. The reliability of the method was analysed using Dahlberg's formula.

There were distinct gender differences. All angles were larger in females: nasofrontal (G–N–Nd, females = 139.11 degrees; males 136.38 degrees; P = 0.030), nasolabial (Cm–Sn–Ls, females = 109.39 degrees; males = 105.42 degrees; P = 0.018), mentolabial (Li–Sm–Pg, females = 134.5 degrees; males = 129.26 degrees; P = 0.019), and nasal tip angle (N–Prn–Cm, female = 84.12 degrees; male = 79.85; P = 0.001). The greatest variability was found for mentolabial angle.

The findings demonstrate a distinct profile trait for female Croatian patients compared with male subjects.

Journal Article.  3425 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.