Journal Article

The use of a neodymium–iron–boron magnet device for positioning a multi-stranded wire retainer in lingual retention—a pilot study in humans

Wolfram Hahn, Julia Fricke, Susanne Fricke-Zech, Antonia Zapf, Rudolf Gruber and Reza Sadat-Khonsari

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 30, issue 5, pages 433-436
Published in print October 2008 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online August 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjn037
The use of a neodymium–iron–boron magnet device for positioning a multi-stranded wire retainer in lingual retention—a pilot study in humans

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the time requirement of a newly developed device made of neodymium–iron–boron (NdFeB) magnets for positioning a multi-stranded, canine-to-canine retainer during bonding compared with dental floss and a transfer tray.

Forty-five patients aged between 12 and 33 years (26 male, 19 female) previously treated with fixed appliances were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomly allocated to three groups (15 per group). For each group a mandibular canine-to-canine retainer of 0.018 inch Dentaflex multi-stranded wire (Dentaurum) was prefabricated for each patient on a cast. The bonding procedure was identical, except for the method of positioning the wire during adhesive fixation: group A dental floss, group B a small prefabricated transfer tray of dental resin and group C the NdFeB magnet device. For each group, the time required for the complete bonding process was measured. Kruskal–Wallis and Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney tests were used for group and pairwise comparisons, respectively.

The three methods required statistically significant different times (P < 0.001). The Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney test revealed that wire positioning with the magnet device was significantly faster [4.98 minutes; standard deviation (SD) 0.68 minutes] than with dental floss (7.65 minutes, SD 1.14 minutes; P = 0.0001) or with transfer tray (5.75 minutes, SD 0.57 minutes; P = 0.001).

The NdFeB magnet device is a timesaving appliance for positioning a multi-stranded, canine-to-canine retainer during bonding when compared with dental floss and an individually prefabricated transfer tray.

Journal Article.  2070 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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