Journal Article

Orthodontic force decreases the eruption rate of rat incisors

M. Drevenšek, J. Volk, Š. Sprogar and G. Drevenšek

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 31, issue 1, pages 46-50
Published in print February 2009 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online December 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Orthodontic force decreases the eruption rate of rat incisors

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The aim of this study was to determine whether a force applied in an antero-posterior direction would adequately reduce incisor eruption. This is needed to achieve a constant direction of force which is one of the demands for a good model for studying orthodontic tooth movement. Twenty male Wistar rats aged 11–12 weeks were divided into two equal groups: in the appliance group, a superelastic closed coil spring (25 cN) was placed between the upper left first molar and the incisors. The control group consisted of animals without an appliance. In both groups, cuts were created on the labial surfaces of the upper and lower incisors. The distance from the gingival reference point to the midpoint of the cut was measured for 10 days at 2 day intervals. Upper incisor inclination was determined as the distance from the most mesial point of the upper left first molar to the incisal edge of the ipsilateral incisor on days 0 and 10. Statistical analysis was carried out using two-way analysis of variance and a Bonferroni post- test to estimate reliability.

The eruption rates of the maxillary incisors in the appliance group were significantly decreased when compared with the control group during the whole experiment. In the appliance group, the eruption rates of the mandibular incisors were decreased more than those of the maxillary incisors (P < 0.01). There was no difference in incisor inclination between the appliance and control groups on day 10 (P = 0.81). The applied force of 25 cN in an antero-posterior direction diminished incisor eruption to a level which enabled a constant direction of orthodontic force for 10 days.

Journal Article.  2993 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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