Journal Article

Comparative evaluation of the breaking strength of a simple mobile mandibular advancement splint

Naomi Tanoue, Kiyoshi Nagano, Souichi Yanamoto and Akio Mizuno

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 31, issue 6, pages 620-624
Published in print December 2009 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online June 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjp040
Comparative evaluation of the breaking strength of a simple mobile mandibular advancement splint

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Mandibular advancement splints (MASs) are used to advance the mandible forward in patients with sleep-disordered breathing. The conventional rigid MAS restricts the movement of the mandible, and this immobility sometimes produces discomfort, including temporomandibular disorders. A simple method for fabricating a mobile MAS was devised, using a connector made from a polyethylene toothed belt, with the intention of making the MAS more comfortable.

The experimental connector is easily constructed, inexpensive, and small enough for use as an intraoral MAS. To evaluate durability, the axial and diagonal tensile breaking strengths of the MAS, using high- or low-density polyethylene (HDPE or LDPE) lateral toothed belts, were compared with those of a conventional mobile MAS (Silensor). The values were compared by factorial analysis of variances and post hoc Scheffe's S multiple comparison intervals, with the value of statistical significance set at alpha = 0.05. In addition, the experimental LDPE connectors were clinically tested in 30 patients (23 males and 7 females aged 19–71 years) and evaluated.

Compared with the Silensor, the experimental MAS exhibited sufficient breaking strength, especially when a diagonal tensile load was applied to mimic mandibular lateral translation. When examining the clinical evaluation between 3 and 4 months after insertion, no damage or failure was observed.

The experimental connecting system may have clinical applications. To make the connector stronger for clinical use, HDPE should be used.

Journal Article.  2394 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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