Journal Article

Root resorption during orthodontic tooth movements

C. Ramanathan and Z. Hofman

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 31, issue 6, pages 578-583
Published in print December 2009 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online June 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Root resorption during orthodontic tooth movements

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The aim of the study was to compare the extent of maxillary incisor root resorption during different orthodontic tooth movements using three different techniques, namely the basal intrusion arch, the three component arch, and levelling of the upper dental arch with the straightwire appliance. The radiographs of 49 subjects (20 males and 29 females) with a mean age of 14.5 years were taken at two time points: in groups 1 and 2 after the levelling phase and in group 3 immediately after placement of the archwire (T1) and in all groups after a period of 6 months (T2). The amount of root resorption of the central incisors was determined at T2. The average incisor resorption was different in the three groups, with group 2 (three component arch) showing greater resorption (0.46 mm) than groups 1 (basal arch) and 3 (straightwire) of 0.26 and 0.25 mm, respectively. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) demonstrated that differences in root resorption in the three groups were not significant. Wilcoxon paired test showed that the root resorption occurring between T1 and T2 in the three groups was not significant. There was also no significant difference among the rates of resorption in the three groups. Grouping the subjects on the basis of the extent of root resorption and the biomechanics used showed differences in the percentage of subjects with the least (<0.5 mm) and greatest (0.5–0.9 mm) amounts of root resorption between the three groups. This again showed that the technique of three component intrusion arch resulted in the greatest increase in root resorption.

Journal Article.  3435 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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