Journal Article

Orthodontics and foetal pathology: a personal view on craniofacial patterning

Inger Kjær

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 32, issue 2, pages 140-147
Published in print April 2010 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online July 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Orthodontics and foetal pathology: a personal view on craniofacial patterning

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This article summarizes the essentials of studies on the craniofacial skeleton performed over 17 years. It presents data from research into foetal pathology resulting in new views on craniofacial patterning and/or fields for further discussion.

The fields described cover all areas seen on profile, frontal, and panoramic radiographs. The fields are the theca, frontonasal, maxillary, palatine, and mandibular together with the cerebellar field and cervical spine. Regional fields in the dentition are described according to the pattern of peripheral nerve innervation. Studies on severely malformed foetuses show that the malformation can occur solely within a single field or in several fields. This is the background for these personal views on craniofacial patterning. These new views may assist in the diagnosis and interpretation of malformations in the cranium and dentition.

Journal Article.  3960 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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