Journal Article

Tooth movements in foxhounds after one or two alveolar corticotomies

Payam A. Sanjideh, P. Emile Rossouw, Phillip M. Campbell, Lynne A. Opperman and Peter H. Buschang

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 32, issue 1, pages 106-113
Published in print February 2010 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online September 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjp070
Tooth movements in foxhounds after one or two alveolar corticotomies

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The aim of this split-mouth experimental study was to determine (1) whether corticotomy procedures increase tooth movement and (2) the effects of a second corticotomy procedure after 4 weeks on the rate of tooth movement.

The mandibular third and maxillary second premolars of five skeletally mature male foxhounds, approximately 2 years of age, were extracted. One randomly selected mandibular quadrant had buccal and lingual flaps and corticotomies performed around the second premolar; the other quadrant served as the control. Both maxillary quadrants had initial buccal flaps and corticotomies; one randomly selected quadrant had a second buccal flap surgery and corticotomy after 28 days. Coil springs (200 g force), along with a 0.045 mm diameter tube on a 0.040 mm diameter guiding wire, were used to move the mandibular second and maxillary third premolars. Records, including digital calliper measurements and radiographs, were taken on days 0, 10, 14, 28, 42, and 56. Multilevel statistical procedures were used to model longitudinal tooth movements.

The radiographic measurements initially showed increasing mandibular tooth movement rates, peaking between 22 and 25 days, and then decelerating. Total mandibular tooth movements were significantly (P < 0.05) greater on the experimental (2.4 mm) than on the control (1.3 mm) side. The rates of maxillary tooth movement slowed over time, with significantly (P < 0.05) more overall tooth movement on the side that had two (2.3 mm) than one (2.0 mm) corticotomy procedure.

Alveolar corticotomy significantly increases orthodontic tooth movement. Performing a second corticotomy procedure after 4 weeks maintained higher rates of tooth movement over a longer duration and produced greater overall tooth movement than performing just one initial corticotomy, but the difference was small.

Journal Article.  4484 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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