Journal Article

Intermaxillary tooth size discrepancies among different malocclusion groups

Hüsamettin Oktay and Esengül Ulukaya

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 32, issue 3, pages 307-312
Published in print June 2010 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online September 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjp079
Intermaxillary tooth size discrepancies among different malocclusion groups

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The aims of this study were to identify possible gender-related differences in tooth size ratios, to determine whether there is a prevalence for intermaxillary tooth size discrepancies in any malocclusion group, and to detect the percentage of tooth size discrepancies outside 1 or 2 standard deviations (SDs) from Bolton's mean. The material comprised the models of 500 subjects (284 females and 216 male aged between 12 and 28 years). Five groups were formed: normal occlusion, Class I, Class II division 1, Class II division 2, and Class III, which had an equal number of subjects. Tooth size measurements were undertaken using an electronic measuring device. Overall, anterior, and posterior ratios were computed as described by Bolton. For statistical evaluation, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey’s honestly significant difference (HSD) tests were used.

A significant gender difference was found only for posterior ratio in all groups (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference among the malocclusion groups in anterior ratio, but the differences for overall and posterior ratios were significant (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001, respectively). A large number of subjects had discrepancies greater than 2 SD from Bolton's mean. In addition, the means and SDs in this investigation were found to be larger than those of Bolton. Intermaxillary tooth size ratios may vary in different malocclusion types and may, to some degree, contribute to the severity of a malocclusion.

Journal Article.  3545 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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