Journal Article

Overall and anterior Bolton ratio in Class I, II, and III orthodontic patients

Barbara Wędrychowska-Szulc, Joanna Janiszewska-Olszowska and Piotr Stepień

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 32, issue 3, pages 313-318
Published in print June 2010 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online December 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Overall and anterior Bolton ratio in Class I, II, and III orthodontic patients

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The aim of the investigation was to compare overall and anterior Bolton ratios in different malocclusion groups with Bolton's standards. The material comprised 600 pre-treatment study casts (262 males and 338 females, aged 12–25 years), selected from the models of 3088 patients who had applied for orthodontic treatment based on the following criteria: permanent dentition from the first right molar to the first left molar and no interproximal caries or restorations. There were 162 Class I, 144 Class II division 1, 155 Class II division 2, and 139 Class III patients. Statistical analysis of the data was undertaken using a Student's t-test.

Statistically significant differences were found for the mean overall ratio when compared with the original Bolton norm for the whole study group, as well as for patients with Class I and III malocclusions when the mean anterior ratio was compared with the original Bolton norm. Significant differences were observed in all malocclusion groups for both genders. Discrepancies exceeding 2 SD were found in 31.2 per cent of the studied population for the anterior ratio when compared with Bolton's norm. The highest mean values for anterior ratio were in males with Class I (79.1) and Class III (80.1) malocclusions.

Journal Article.  3075 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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