Journal Article

Comparisons of the effects of systemic administration of <span class="smallCaps">L</span>-thyroxine and doxycycline on orthodontically induced root resorption in rats

Asli Baysal, Tancan Uysal, Saim Ozdamar, Bulent Kurt, Gokmen Kurt and Omer Gunhan

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 32, issue 5, pages 496-504
Published in print October 2010 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online January 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjp124
Comparisons of the effects of systemic administration of L-thyroxine and doxycycline on orthodontically induced root resorption in rats

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The aim of this study was to histologically evaluate and compare the effects of the systemic administration of L-thyroxine (TX) and doxycycline (DX) on orthodontically induced root resorption, Twenty-eight male 50- to 60-day-old Wistar rats were used. Seven rats served as the baseline control. Seven animals received TX (20 μg/kg bodyweight/day) and seven DX (1.2 mg/kg bodyweight/day), by means of a mini-osmotic pump implanted subcutaneously. Seven rats were separated as a sham, in order to evaluate the pure effect of the surgical procedure on the animals’ health. Tooth movement (TM) was achieved with a continuous force of 50 g by placing Elgiloy coil springs between the right maxillary first molar and incisors for 14 days. The animals were sacrificed and specimens containing the appliance and maxillary tooth-bearing segments were processed for light microscopy. The surface area of root resorption lacunae was measured histomorphometrically using digital photomicrographs. To evaluate the resorptive changes on the molar root surface of each group, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examinations were also carried out. Statistical evaluation of root resorption percentages was performed using Kruskal–Wallis analysis of variance test. Multiple comparisons were determined by the Student–Newman–Keuls method. The level of significance was set at P < 0.05.

Histomorphometric analysis of root resorption, expressed as a percentage, showed that the average relative root resorption affecting the maxillary molars on the TM side was 0.32 ± 0.25 in the TX and 0.26 ± 0.06 in the DX groups and 2.19 ± 0.86 in the control. Statistically significant inhibition of root resorption was determined both in the TX and DX groups (P < 0.001) on the TM side. There was no statistically significant difference in relative root resorption between the TX and DX groups. Systemic administration of TX and DX demonstrated similar effects on root resorption in rats and may have inhibitory effects on orthodontically induced resorptive activity.

Journal Article.  4994 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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