Journal Article

Masticatory muscle activity in children with a skeletal or dentoalveolar open bite

Tatiana dos Santos Ciccone de Faria, Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo, Adilson Thomazinho, Mathias Vitti and Cláudia Maria de Felício

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 32, issue 4, pages 453-458
Published in print August 2010 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online January 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjp132
Masticatory muscle activity in children with a skeletal or dentoalveolar open bite

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The aim of this study was to compare the electromyographic (EMG) characteristics of masticatory muscles in children with either a skeletal or dentoalveolar open bite, compared with a control group (CG).

Forty-five children (31 boys and 14 girls), aged 6–11 years, were included in the study, 15 with a skeletal anterior open bite (SAOB), 15 with a dentoalveolar anterior open bite (DAOB), and 15 with a normal occlusion (CG), defined by clinical evaluation and lateral cephalograms. EMG recordings of the temporal and masseter muscles were performed under maximal voluntary clenching and during chewing. Analysis of variance was used for inter-group analysis, followed by the Tukey post hoc test. A Student’s t-test for paired data was used for intra-group analysis.

There were statistically significant differences among the three groups (P < 0.05), with the mean EMG being highest in the CG and lowest in children with a SAOB. The percentage EMG activity during chewing in relation to that during maximal voluntary clenching was more than 100 per cent in the SAOB group. The CG and DAOB groups presented higher EMG activity during clenching compared with chewing (P < 0.001), as well as a greater difference between tasks.

In the SAOB group, the neuromuscular system appeared to have a lower capacity to produce EMG activity according to the task, while that in the DAOB group suggests that their functional capacity during growth should also be carefully observed.

Journal Article.  3411 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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