Journal Article

Root resorption before and after orthodontic treatment: a clinical study of contributory factors

Ruo-ping Jiang, J.P. McDonald and Min-kui Fu

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 32, issue 6, pages 693-697
Published in print December 2010 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online March 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Root resorption before and after orthodontic treatment: a clinical study of contributory factors

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This clinical study evaluated factors related to root resorption before (T1) and after (T2) orthodontic treatment. Ninety-six subjects between 9 and 34 years (34 males and 62 females) who had been treated using fixed appliances for at least 1 year and who had panoramic radiographs at T1 and T2 were selected. The relationship between root resorption at T1 and T2, with regard to gender, age, extraction versus non-extraction patterns, specific teeth and treatment duration was investigated.

No statistically significant differences in root resorption were found in relation to gender. Significant differences in root resorption (P = 0.000, P < 0.01) and also in treatment duration (P = 0.036, P < 0.05) were noted between the extraction and non-extraction groups; extraction and treatment duration correlated with T2 mean root resorption. Patient age correlated with root resorption of the upper incisors at T1 and T2. Using multiple regression analysis, age and duration of treatment were found to be more associated with root resorption than with extractions; the presence of root resorption at T1 was associated with T2 root resorption, especially of the anterior teeth.

Journal Article.  2494 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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