Journal Article

Activation–deactivation rapid palatal expansion and reverse headgear in Class III cases

Devrim Isci, Tamer Turk and Selma Elekdag-Turk

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 32, issue 6, pages 706-715
Published in print December 2010 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online May 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjq006
Activation–deactivation rapid palatal expansion and reverse headgear in Class III cases

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The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the dentofacial effects of 1 week rapid palatal expansion (RPE) and activation–deactivation (A/D) RPE protocols with reverse headgear (RH).

Two groups, each containing 15 subjects, were included in this study. In the RPE group (seven males and eight females, 11.94 ± 1.62 years), Hyrax screws were activated every 12 hours for 1 week. At the end of this period, RPE was stopped and the patients were instructed to wear the RH. In the A/D-RPE group (seven males and eight females, 11.34 ± 1.81 years), the screws were activated every 12 hours for 1 week. Subsequently, the screws were deactivated every 12 hours for 1 week followed by activation and deactivation for the following 2 weeks. After this protocol, the patients were instructed to use the RH. A total force of 700 g was applied to both groups for 16–18 hours/day for the first 3 months, for 12 hours/day for the second 3 months, and for 6 hours/day for the second 6 months. Lateral cephalometric films were taken before treatment (T1) and at the end of the first (T2) and second (T3) 6 months to evaluate the dentofacial changes. Intragroup differences of each landmark at T2–T1, T3–T2, and T3–T1 were analysed with a paired t-test (P < 0.016), and intergroup differences were compared with an independent t-test (P < 0.05).

Anterior movement of point A (4.13 mm) for the A/D-RPE group was approximately twice of the RPE group (2.33 mm; P < 0.001). Backward movement of the mandible showed no significant difference between the groups. Anterior face height increases did not demonstrate significant differences between the groups. The pronounced anterior movement of point A demonstrates that the A/D-RPE procedure positively affects maxillary protraction.

Journal Article.  4479 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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