Journal Article

Orthodontic forces released by low-friction versus conventional systems during alignment of apically or buccally malposed teeth

Tiziano Baccetti, Lorenzo Franchi, Matteo Camporesi and Efisio Defraia

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 33, issue 1, pages 50-54
Published in print February 2011 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online July 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjq043
Orthodontic forces released by low-friction versus conventional systems during alignment of apically or buccally malposed teeth

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The aim of the present study was to analyse the forces released by passive stainless steel self-ligating brackets (SLBs) and by a non-conventional elastomeric ligature–bracket system on conventional brackets ([slide ligatures on conventional brackets (SLCB)]) when compared with conventional elastomeric ligatures on conventional brackets (CLCB) during the alignment of apically or buccally malposed teeth in the maxillary arch.

An experimental model consisting of five brackets was used to assess the forces released by the three different bracket–ligature systems with 0.012-inch super-elastic (SE) nickel–titanium (NiTi) wires in the presence of different amounts of apical or buccal canine misalignment of the canine (ranging from 1.5 to 6 mm). The forces released by each wire/bracket/ligature combination with the three different amounts of apical or buccal canine misalignment were tested 20 times. Comparisons between the different types of wire/bracket/ligature systems were carried out by means of analysis of variance on ranks with Dunnett's post hoc test (P < 0.05).

No difference in the amount of force released in presence of a misalignment of 1.5 mm was recorded among the three systems. At 3 mm of apical misalignment a significantly greater amount of orthodontic force was released by SLB or SLCB when compared with CLCB, while no significant differences were found among the three systems at 3 mm of buccal canine displacement. When correction of a large amount of misalignment (6 mm) was attempted, a noticeable amount of force for alignment was still generated by the passive SLB and SLCB systems while no force was released in presence of CLCB.

Journal Article.  2402 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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