Journal Article

Surface corrosion and fracture resistance of two nickel–titanium-based archwires induced by fluoride, pH, and thermocycling. An <i>in vitro</i> comparative study

G. Perinetti, L. Contardo, M. Ceschi, F. Antoniolli, L. Franchi, T. Baccetti and R. Di Lenarda

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 34, issue 1, pages 1-9
Published in print February 2012 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online November 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Surface corrosion and fracture resistance of two nickel–titanium-based archwires induced by fluoride, pH, and thermocycling. An in vitro comparative study

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The present comparative study aimed to evaluate the surface corrosion and fracture resistance of two commercially available nickel–titanium (NiTi)-based archwires, as induced by a combination of fluoride, pH, and thermocycling.

One hundred and ten rectangular section NiTi-based archwires were used, 55 of each of the following: thermally activated Thermaloy® and super-elastic NeoSentalloy® 100 g. Each of these was divided into five equal subgroups. One of these five subgroups did not undergo any treatment and served as the control, while the other four were subjected to 30 days of incubation at 37°C under fluoridated artificial saliva (FS) at 1500 ppm fluoride treatment alone (two subgroups) or combined with a session of thermocycling (FS + Th) treatment at the end of incubation (two subgroups). Within each of the Thermaloy® and NeoSentalloy® groups, the FS and FS + Th treatments were performed under two different pH conditions: 5.5 and 3.5 (each with one subgroup per treatment). Analysis of the surface topography and tensile properties by means of scanning electron microscopy (a single sample per subgroup), atomic force microscopy, and a universal testing machine for ultimate tensile strength were carried out once in each of the control subgroups or immediately after the treatments in the other subgroups for 10 of the archwires. Non-parametric tests were used in the data analysis.

Significant effects in terms of surface corrosion, but not fracture resistance, were seen mainly for the Thermaloy® group at the lowest pH, with no effects of Th irrespective of the group or pH condition.

Different NiTi-based archwires can have different corrosion resistance, even though the effects of surface corrosion and fracture resistance appear not to be significant in clinical situations, especially considering that thermocycling had no effect on these parameters.

Journal Article.  5146 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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