Journal Article

Relationship between masseter muscle size and maxillary morphology

Yasuki Uchida, Mitsuru Motoyoshi, Toru Shigeeda, Akihiko Shinohara, Yu Igarashi, Masahito Sakaguchi and Noriyoshi Shimizu

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 33, issue 6, pages 654-659
Published in print December 2011 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online January 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjq152
Relationship between masseter muscle size and maxillary morphology

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The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between masseter muscle size and craniofacial morphology, focusing on the maxilla. Twenty-four patients (11 males and 13 females; mean age 27.6 ± 5.6 years) underwent cephalometric analyses. Ultrasonography was used to measure the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the masseter muscle and bite force was measured using pressure sensitive film.

The results showed that CSA-relaxed was positively correlated with upper anterior face height (UAFH)/total anterior face height (TAFH) and negatively with lower anterior face height (LAFH)/TAFH and LAFH (P < 0.05). CSA-clenched was correlated positively with SN-palatal, FH-palatal, UAFH/TAFH, and lower posterior face height (LPFH)/total posterior face height (TPFH) and negatively with LAFH/TAFH, LAFH, upper posterior face height (UPFH)/TPFH, and UPFH (P < 0.05). Bite force was positively correlated with LPFH/TPFH and negatively with UPFH/TPFH (P < 0.05). As the masseter became larger, the anterior maxillary region tended to shift downwards relative to the cranial base, whereas the posterior region tended to shift upwards. The decrease in LAFH/TAFH and increase in LPFH/TPFH as the size of the masseter muscle increases may be influenced not only by the inclination of the mandibular plane but also by the clockwise rotation of the maxilla.

Journal Article.  3017 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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