Journal Article

Frequency of orthodontic treatment in German children and adolescents: influence of age, gender, and socio-economic status

Karl-Friedrich Krey and Christian Hirsch

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 34, issue 2, pages 152-157
Published in print April 2012 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online April 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjq155
Frequency of orthodontic treatment in German children and adolescents: influence of age, gender, and socio-economic status

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Orthodontic treatment is a common dental procedure in developed countries. However, the frequency and factors associated with treatment demand are different between countries. The aim of this study was to examine the frequency of orthodontic treatment in German children and adolescents and to analyse the influence of age, gender, and socio-economic status (SES; education and region) on the frequency of treatment. Subjects in a random population sample of 1538 German children and adolescents, aged 11–14 years, were interviewed at home in the autumn of 2008 regarding current orthodontic treatment and associated factors. Approximately one-third (33.5 per cent) of the subjects interviewed were undergoing orthodontic treatment at that time.

In a multivariable logistic regression model, the likelihood of receiving orthodontic treatment was higher for girls [odds ratio (OR) = 1.32, 95 per cent confidence interval (CI): 1.06–1.65], for high school pupils (OR = 1.19, 95 per cent CI: 1.06–1.34), and for children and adolescents living in the western part of Germany (OR = 1.45, 95 per cent CI: 1.00–2.08) and increased with age (OR = 1.13 per year, 95 per cent CI: 1.02–1.25). Subjects undergoing orthodontic treatment more often received prophylactic measures (OR = 2.06, 95 per cent CI: 1.63–2.59) compared with those not currently receiving orthodontic treatment. The frequency of orthodontic treatment in Germany largely depends on gender and SES.

Journal Article.  3585 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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