Journal Article

A comparative <i>in vitro</i> study of frictional resistance between lingual brackets and stainless steel archwires

Yıldız Ozturk Ortan, Tugce Yurdakuloglu Arslan and Bulent Aydemir

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 34, issue 1, pages 119-125
Published in print February 2012 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online January 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
A comparative in vitro study of frictional resistance between lingual brackets and stainless steel archwires

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Friction between archwires and labial brackets has received considerable attention; however, information on the frictional behaviour of commercially available lingual brackets is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the frictional resistance resulting from a combination of lingual orthodontic brackets (7th Generation, STb, Magic, and In-Ovation L) and stainless steel archwires at 0, 5, and 10 degrees of second-order angulation. Each bracket type (n = 30) was tested with three different sizes of archwires. Static and kinetic frictional forces were evaluated with a universal testing machine. Statistical analysis of the data was performed with non-parametric Kruskal–Wallis and Dunn's multiple comparison tests.

All tested brackets showed higher frictional forces as the wire size and second-order angulation increased. The lowest friction was found with In-Ovation L brackets and 0.016 inch archwires at 0 degrees angulation, and the greatest friction with a combination of STb brackets and 0.017 × 0.025 inch archwires at 10 degrees angulation. For all combinations, Magic and In-Ovation L brackets showed lower frictional resistance when compared with 7th Generation and STb brackets. The slot width (occluso-gingival dimension) of the brackets, measured using the optics of a microhardness machine, showed that all brackets were oversized and that Magic brackets had the largest slot width. Surface roughness of the brackets investigated using atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, demonstrated that the 7th Generation brackets had the greatest surface roughness.

Journal Article.  3210 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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