Journal Article

<i>In vitro</i> study of force decay of latex and non-latex orthodontic elastics

Noelia López, Ascensión Vicente, Luis A. Bravo, José L. Calvo and Manuel Canteras

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 34, issue 2, pages 202-207
Published in print April 2012 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online January 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjq188
In vitro study of force decay of latex and non-latex orthodontic elastics

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the force decay of two brands of orthodontic elastics, both offering latex and non-latex products. Samples were subjected to continuous stretching, measuring force at 5 seconds, 8 hours, and 24 hours in both dry and wet conditions. Five hundred samples were used, GAC® and Lancer® 0.25 inch and 4 oz, divided into testing sample sizes of n = 25 per group. For the dry test, elastics were kept stretched to three times their internal diameter for 5 seconds (initial force), 8 hours, and 24 hours; for the wet test, they were stretched for 8 and 24 hours. Both brands showed initial forces significantly greater than those specified by the manufacturers (P < 0.05). Comparing wet/dry conditions, there was a greater force loss in the wet medium than the dry. As for elastic composition (latex or non-latex), the only significant difference found was between Lancer elastics with and without latex in dry conditions, force loss being greater for latex-free elastics. Comparing brands, there was greater force loss with GAC than with Lancer. Comparing elastic force at the eight-hour mark and the twenty-four hour mark to the initial force (only in wet conditions), GAC latex and non-latex and Lancer latex elastics showed significantly less force at eight and twenty four hours than initially. On the other hand, Lancer non-latex was the only type of elastics that did not show a significant decrease in its initial elastic characteristics at eight hours in wet conditions. Nevertheless, Lancer non-latex did show significantly less force in wet conditions at twenty four-hours than the forces observed initially and at eight-hours.

Journal Article.  3513 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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