Journal Article

Long-term stability of anterior open bite closure corrected by surgical-orthodontic treatment

Marjut Teittinen, Veikko Tuovinen, Leena Tammela, Marc Schätzle and Timo Peltomäki

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 34, issue 2, pages 238-243
Published in print April 2012 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online January 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjq194
Long-term stability of anterior open bite closure corrected by surgical-orthodontic treatment

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In adults, superior repositioning of posterior maxilla with or without mandibular surgery has become the treatment method of choice to close anterior open bite. Study aim was to examine the long-term stability of anterior open bite closure by superior repositioning of maxilla or by combining maxillary impaction with mandibular surgery.

The sample comprised 24 patients who underwent anterior open bite closure by superior repositioning of maxilla (maxillary group, n = 12, mean age 29.3 years) or by maxillary impaction and mandibular osteotomy (bimaxillary group, n = 12, mean age 30.8 years). Lateral cephalograms were studied prior to surgery (T1), the first post-operative day (T2) and in the long term (T3, maxillary group mean 3.5 years; bimaxillary group mean 2.0 years). Paired and two-sample t-tests were used to assess differences within and between the groups.

The vertical incisal bite relations were −2.6 and −2.2 mm at T1; 1.23 and 0.98 mm at T2; and 1.85 and 0.73 mm at T3 in the maxillary and bimaxillary groups. At T3, all subjects had positive overbite in the maxillary group, but open bite recurred in three subjects with bimaxillary surgery. For both groups, the maxilla relapsed vertically. Significant changes in sagittal and vertical positions of the mandible occurred in both groups. In the bimaxillary group, the changes were larger and statistically significant.

In general, the maxilla seems to relapse moderately vertically and the mandible both vertically and sagittally, particularly when both jaws were operated on. Overbite seems to be more stable when only the maxilla has been operated on.

Journal Article.  3307 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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