Journal Article

A new approach of assessing sagittal dysplasia: the W angle

Wasundhara A. Bhad, Subash Nayak and Umal H. Doshi

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 35, issue 1, pages 66-70
Published in print February 2013 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online February 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
A new approach of assessing sagittal dysplasia: the W angle

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In orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning, an accurate antero-posterior measurement of jaw relationships is critically important. Previously described angular and linear measurements can be inaccurate because of their dependency on various factors. The purpose of this study was to introduce a new cephalometric measurement, named the W angle, to assess the sagittal relationship between maxilla and mandible with accuracy and reproducibility. This angle uses three skeletal landmarks—point S, point M, and point G—to measure an angle that indicates the severity and the type of skeletal dysplasia in the sagittal dimension. One hundred and forty-two pre-treatment cephalometric radiographs of patients between the age of 15 and 25 years were selected. They were again subdivided into Classes I, II, and III groups on the basis of Beta angle, Wits appraisal, and ANB angle. The W angle was measured between the perpendicular from point M on S–G line and the M–G line. The mean and the standard deviation for the W angle were calculated. After using the one-way analysis of variance and the Newman–Keuls test, receiver operating characteristics curves were obtained. Results showed that a patient with a W angle between 51 and 56 degrees can be considered to have a Class I skeletal pattern. With an angle less than 51 degrees, patients are considered to have a skeletal Class II relationship and with an angle greater than 56 degrees, patients have a skeletal Class III relationship.

Journal Article.  2898 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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