Journal Article

Evaluation of cytotoxicity and degree of conversion of glass ionomer cements reinforced with resin

Rogério L. dos Santos, Matheus Melo Pithon, Fernanda O. Martins, Maria Teresa V. Romanos and Antônio Carlos O. Ruellas

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 34, issue 3, pages 362-366
Published in print June 2012 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online August 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Evaluation of cytotoxicity and degree of conversion of glass ionomer cements reinforced with resin

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The objective of the present study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and degree of monomer conversion of resin-reinforced glass ionomer cements (RGIC) over different time periods. Four RGICs: Fuji Ortho LC (FOLC), Fuji Ortho Band (FOB), Orthoglass (OGL), and Multicure Glass Ionomer (MCI) were evaluated for cytotoxicity in fibroblastic L929 cells and for their degree of monomer conversion over different time periods. Three control groups were also analysed: positive control (C+), consisting of Tween 80 cell detergent; negative control (C−), consisting of phosphate-buffered saline; and cell control (CC), consisting of cells exposed to any material. To evaluate the cytotoxicity, the dye-uptake technique was used and the degree of conversion was evaluated using infrared spectroscopy. The data obtained were analysed by analysis of variance and the Tukey’s test.

The results showed cytotoxicity of the RGICs at 1 and 24 hours; the viability values of these materials were statistically different from the C− and CC groups (P < 0.05). After 48 hours, the FOLC group was statistically similar to the CC and C− groups but different from the others. At 1 hour, there was no difference in the degree of conversion between the FOLC and OGL groups (P > 0.05) or between the FOB and MCI (P < 0.05) groups. However, at 48 hours, the FOLC group had greater conversion values than the other groups (P < 0.05).

There is a direct relationship between the degree of conversion and RGIC cytotoxicity. Following initial polymerization, cytotoxicity decreases and, consequently, the degree of conversion of the material increases.

Journal Article.  2934 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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