Journal Article

Mandibular incisor alignment and dental arch changes 1 year after extraction of deciduous canines

Anders Sjögren, Kristina Arnrup, Bertil Lennartsson and Jan Huggare

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 34, issue 5, pages 587-594
Published in print October 2012 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online February 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjr028
Mandibular incisor alignment and dental arch changes 1 year after extraction of deciduous canines

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This study investigated the early effects on mandibular incisor irregularity and rotation together with dental arch dimensions of the extraction of four deciduous canines.

Children, during early mixed dentition, were randomized into one extraction (n = 32) and one control (n = 41) group. Dental casts from baseline (T0) and 1 year follow-up (T1) were used to evaluate changes in the irregularity index and in mandibular incisor rotation, dental arch dimensions, overjet, and overbite. Median mandibular incisor irregularity decreased over time, significantly more in the extraction than the control group (1.2 versus 0.7 mm; P < 0.01), with wide ranges in both groups. Rotational changes greater than 10 degrees for lateral incisors were twice as common in the extraction group (42 versus 20 per cent; P < 0.01). Central incisors displayed only minor changes in both groups. The correlation between changes in irregularity index and changes in incisor rotation was weak in both groups (r s < 0.3 not significant). According to professional assessment of overall alignment, 84 per cent in the extraction group versus 34 per cent in the control group (P < 0.001) improved from T0 to T1. A significant decrease in maxillary and mandibular arch length and circumference from T0 to T1 was recorded in the extraction group (1.3, 1.1 mm and 2.4, 2.0 mm, respectively; P < 0.001), while arch dimensions were preserved in the control group. To conclude, 1 year after extraction of the deciduous canines, small improvements in mandibular incisor alignment were seen, together with reduced arch dimensions. Little's index underestimated malalignment related to tooth rotation.

Journal Article.  5023 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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