Journal Article

Orthodontic tooth movement into edentulous ridge areas—a case series

Birgitta Lindskog-Stokland, Ken Hansen, Annika Ekestubbe and Jan L. Wennström

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 35, issue 3, pages 277-285
Published in print June 2013 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online March 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjr029
Orthodontic tooth movement into edentulous ridge areas—a case series

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The aim of this case series was to analyse dimensional alterations of the alveolar ridge and tooth-supporting structures, as well as root resorption, following orthodontic tooth movement into edentulous areas with reduced ridge dimensions.

The study involved six subjects (30–70 years) with 10 edentulous jaw areas in the premolar regions. Clinical and radiographic examinations and 3D measurements on scanned study casts were performed at baseline, at retention, and after 1 year of (i) the edentulous area into which the tooth was moved and (ii) the established edentulous area from which the tooth was moved.

The orthodontic tooth movement into an edentulous area resulted in most individuals in only minor dimensional alterations of the periodontal tissues. With regard to the width of the alveolar process, the results indicated a decreased width in the newly established edentulous area, whereas in the area into which the tooth had been moved, the width increased. In all cases, the moved tooth showed lateral root resorption on its pressure side at the level of the bone crest at time of retention, but signs of repair were noticed at the 1-year follow-up.

Within the limitations of the study, it can be concluded that orthodontic tooth movement results in dimensional alterations of the edentulous ridge and that lateral root resorption is an inevitable side-effect.

Journal Article.  4620 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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