Journal Article

‘The Ego Ideal of the Good Camper’ and the Nature of Summer Camp

Michael B. Smith

in Environmental History

Published on behalf of American Society for Environmental History and Forest History Society

Volume 11, issue 1, pages 70-101
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 1084-5453
Published online January 2006 | e-ISSN: 1930-8892 | DOI:
‘The Ego Ideal of the Good Camper’ and the Nature of Summer Camp

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In the late nineteenth century the organized summer camp movement developed as a response to anxieties about the effects of the urban-industrial age on children. Camping advocates wanted to create a countermodern alternative to the world their campers inhabited most of the year. These advocates subscribed to a set of values and assumptions about what is “natural” for children that eventually provoked a debate over the uses of nature in socializing children. Environmental historians can learn much from this debate as they try to make sense of how nature has been constructed both literally and symbolically in the twentieth century.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Environmental History ; Contemporary History (Post 1945)

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