Journal Article

The Relation between Work-related Psychosocial Factors and the Development of Depression

Bo Netterstrøm, Nicole Conrad, Per Bech, Per Fink, Ole Olsen, Reiner Rugulies and Stephen Stansfeld

in Epidemiologic Reviews

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 30, issue 1, pages 118-132
Published in print November 2008 | ISSN: 0193-936X
Published online June 2008 | e-ISSN: 1478-6729 | DOI:
The Relation between Work-related Psychosocial Factors and the Development of Depression

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This review is based on a literature search made in January 2007 on request by the Danish National Board of Industrial Injuries. The search in PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO resulted in more than 1,000 publications. This was reduced to 14 after the titles, abstracts, and papers were evaluated by using the following criteria: 1) a longitudinal study, 2) exposure to work-related psychosocial factors, 3) the outcome a measure of depression, 4) relevant statistical estimates, and 5) nonduplicated publication. Of the 14 studies, seven used standardized diagnostic instruments as measures of depression, whereas the other seven studies used self-administered questionnaires. The authors found moderate evidence for a relation between the psychological demands of the job and the development of depression, with relative risks of approximately 2.0. However, indication of publication bias weakens the evidence. Social support at work was associated with a decrease in risk for future depression, as all four studies dealing with this exposure showed associations with relative risks of about 0.6. Even if this literature study has identified work-related psychosocial factors that in high-quality epidemiologic studies predict depression, studies are still needed that assess in more detail the duration and intensity of exposure necessary for developing depression.

Keywords: depression; prospective studies; psychology; work

Journal Article.  8385 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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