Journal Article

Determination of the spatial orientation and shape of pulmonary vein ostia by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography

Pepijn H. van der Voort, Harrie van den Bosch, Johannes C. Post and Albert Meijer

in EP Europace

Published on behalf of European Heart Rhythm Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)

Volume 8, issue 1, pages 1-6
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 1099-5129
Published online January 2006 | e-ISSN: 1532-2092 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/europace/euj006
Determination of the spatial orientation and shape of pulmonary vein ostia by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography

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Aims For catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF), proper catheter positioning is crucial and depends on knowledge of pulmonary vein (PV) anatomy. The aim of this study was to assess PV spatial orientation and ostial shape by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA).

Methods and results In 30 consecutive AF patients, CE-MRA was performed prior to ostial ablation. Using a centre-line technique, the PV ostium was defined perpendicular to this centre-line. Minimal and maximal ostial diameters, ostial perimeter, and angles in the anatomical frontal and transverse planes were measured. Twenty-one patients had four separate PVs. In four patients, there was a distinct right-middle PV and in five a common left common PV was found. Left-sided PV ostia were smaller and more elliptical than right-sided PVs. In the transverse plane, the ostia of both superior PVs were directed anteriorly (LS −15±13°, RS −13±11°) and both inferior PV ostia were directed posteriorly (LI 23±15°, RI 39±15°). In the frontal plane, both superior PV ostia pointed upwards (LS −27±14°, RS −33±12°) while the inferior ostia were directed horizontally (LI 2±11°, RI 3±13°).

Conclusion PV ostial shape and spatial orientation are variable and can be visualized adequately by CE-MRA.

Keywords: Magnetic resonance imaging; Atrial fibrillation; Catheter ablation; Pulmonary veins

Journal Article.  2637 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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