Journal Article

Cardiac uptake of progenitor cells in patients with moderate-to-severe left ventricular failure scheduled for cardiac resynchronization therapy

Andreas Goette, Kathleen Jentsch-Ullrich, Matthias Hammwöhner, Silke Trautmann, Astrid Franke, Helmut U. Klein and Angelo Auricchio

in EP Europace

Published on behalf of European Heart Rhythm Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)

Volume 8, issue 3, pages 157-160
Published in print March 2006 | ISSN: 1099-5129
Published online February 2006 | e-ISSN: 1532-2092 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/europace/euj042
Cardiac uptake of progenitor cells in patients with moderate-to-severe left ventricular failure scheduled for cardiac resynchronization therapy

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Aims Injury to the heart causes haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells (PCs) to migrate to the site of damage and to undergo PC differentiation, which may contribute to angiogenesis and myocardial tissue repair. We sought to determine the cardiac uptake of PC in patients with moderate-to-severe congestive heart failure (CHF) scheduled for cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Methods and results A total of 28 patients was included in the study. Fourteen patients had moderate-to-severe CHF with a mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 20±9%. The remaining patients had a normal LVEF and served as controls. PCs (CD34+ and CD34+/CD117+) were quantified using a fluorescence-activated cell sorter. In CHF patients, PCs were determined from whole blood samples taken from the aorta, the coronary sinus (CS), and the superior vena cava (SVC) during right and left heart catheterization. Cardiac PC uptake was determined as the difference in PC levels between the aorta and the CS. Differences in CD34+PC counts (Δ0.11±0.98×103 mL−1) and relative amount of CD34+/CD117+PC (Δ0.08±0.31%) between the aorta and the CS were not significant. PC levels were comparable between the SVC, CS, and aorta. CD34+ and PC levels did not correlate with New York Heart Association class (r2=0.22), LVEF (r2=0.01), LV diameter (r2=0.05), QRS complex duration (r2=0.1), or maximal O2 uptake during exercise (r2=0.08). There was no difference between patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and non-ICM. Systemic PC levels were not different compared with age-matched controls without LV failure (CD34+: 4.61±1.83×103 mL−1 vs. control: 5.25±1.67×103 mL−1; P=n.s.).

Conclusion Moderate-to-severe chronic CHF is not associated with elevated PC levels in the systemic circulation. A measurable cardiac uptake of CD34+ and CD34+/CD117+PC cannot be demonstrated by FACS analysis in this cohort of patients.

Keywords: Blood; Cardiac catherization; Heart failure; Progenitor cells

Journal Article.  2714 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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