Journal Article

Importance of contractile reserve for CRT

Pascal Lim, Clément Bars, Laurens Mitchell-Heggs, Cécile Roiron, Nathalie Elbaz, Brahim Hamdaoui, Nicolas Lellouche, Jean-Luc Dubois-Randé and Pascal Guéret

in EP Europace

Published on behalf of European Heart Rhythm Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)

Volume 9, issue 9, pages 739-743
Published in print September 2007 | ISSN: 1099-5129
Published online June 2007 | e-ISSN: 1532-2092 | DOI:
Importance of contractile reserve for CRT

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Aims To assess whether response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is related to myocardial viability in the paced left ventricular (LV) region, evaluated by contractile reserve (CR). Non-response to CRT may partly be due to inefficient pacing by the LV lead located in a fibrotic area.

Methods and results Nineteen patients (64 ± 13 years, 14 men, 9 ischaemic) with severe heart failure (EF = 27 ± 8%, QRS = 154 ± 25 ms) were included in the week after device implantation. Stroke volume (SV) and LV dyssynchrony (by Tissue Doppler Imaging) were successively assessed with CRT on and CRT off. Afterwards, CRT device was maintained off during dobutamine infusion to assess CR in the LV-pacing region. LV end-systolic volume (ESV) was assessed after 6 months to quantify reverse remodelling. CR in the paced LV region (n = 10, 5/9 ischaemic and 5/10 non-ischaemic) was correlated to a reduction in LV dyssynchrony under CRT (120 ± 76 vs. 78 ± 64 ms, P = 0.02). Conversely, LV dyssynchrony was unchanged (161 ± 100 vs. 163 ± 80 ms) without CR. In desynchronized patients (>65 ms, n = 15), increase in SV under CRT and changes in ESV at 6 months were +22 and −18%, respectively, when CR was present and 0% and +9%, respectively, when absent.

Conclusion Acute haemodynamic response and reverse remodelling under CRT require viability in the target region of LV lead.

Keywords: Dyssynchrony; Cardiac resynchronization therapy; Contractile reserve; Viability

Journal Article.  3289 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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