Reference Entry

Baalbek

Margaret Lyttleton

in Grove Art Online

Volume Grove Art Online, issue Published in print August 1996 |
Published online January 1998 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054

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Greco-Roman site in Lebanon, c. 1150 m above the fertile Bekaa Valley 64 km to the north-east of Beirut. Its remains chiefly comprise the vast Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus (begun c. 1st century BC), the exceptionally well preserved ‘Temple of Bacchus’ (2nd century AD; see fig.) and an elegant circular temple perhaps dedicated to Venus (3rd century AD; 1b). The ancient city lay on the caravan route from Damascus and

Keywords: Sanctuary of Jupiter Heliopolitanus; Temples of Bacchus and Venus

Reference Entry.  1726 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Art

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