Reference Entry


Hélène Alexander-Adda, Sian E. Jay and David M. Jones

in Grove Art Online

Volume Grove Art Online, issue Published in print August 1996 |
Published online January 1998 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054

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Cooling or winnowing device. It was known to earliest civilizations and served utilitarian, ceremonial, ritual and decorative purposes. Infinite variations of fan shapes have evolved throughout the ages in most countries in the world. There are, however, two main types of fan: the screen or fixed fan, and the folding fan. The screen fan consists of a handle that can vary in length, design and material, on to which is fixed a rigid leaf or

Keywords: Ancient world; East Asia; Indian subcontinent; South-east Asia; Africa; Pacific Islands; Pre-Columbian Americas; Europe

Reference Entry.  5938 words. 

Subjects: Art

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