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Giovanni di Averardo de’ Medici (1360 - 1429) and Cosimo de’ Medici (1389 - 1464) and Piero de’ Medici (1416 - 1469) and Giovanni de’ Medici (1421 - 1463) and Lorenzo the Magnificent (1449 - 1492) and Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici (1463 - 1503) and Leo X (1475 - 1521) and Clement VII (1478 - 1534) and Giuliano de’ Medici (1479 - 1516) and Ottaviano de’ Medici (1482 - 1546), administrator and Lorenzo de’ Medici (1492 - 1519) and Ippolito de’ Medici (1511 - 1535) and Alessandro de’ Medici and Cosimo I de’ Medici (1519 - 1574) and Eleonora de’ Medici (1522 - 1562) and Francesco I de’ Medici (1541 - 1587) and Ferdinando I de’ Medici (1548 - 1609) and Giovanni de’ Medici (1566 - 1621) and Cosimo II de’ Medici (1590 - 1621) and Carlo de’ Medici (1596 - 1666) and Lorenzo de’ Medici (1599 - 1648) and Ferdinando II de’ Medici (1610 - 1670) and Giovanni Carlo de’ Medici (1611 - 1663) and Mattias de’ Medici (1613 - 1667) and Leopoldo de’ Medici (1617 - 1675) and Vittoria della Rovere (1622 - 1694) and Cosimo III de’ Medici (1642 - 1723) and Ferdinando de’ Medici (1663 - 1713) and Anna Maria Luisa de’ Medici (1667 - 1743) and Gian Gastone de’ Medici (1671 - 1737)

Marlis von Hessert, Francis Ames-Lewis, Roger J. Crum, Mary Bonn, R. W. Lightbown, Anabel Thomas, Janet Southorn, Thomas Hirthe, Warren Hearnden, Nigel Gauk-Roger, Elena Fumagalli, Silva Mascalchi, Malcolm Campbell, Edward L. Goldberg, Maria Letizia Strocchi and Stefano Casciu

in Grove Art Online

Volume Grove Art Online, issue Published in print August 1996 |
Published online January 1998 | e-ISBN: 9781884446054

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Italian family of merchants, bankers, rulers, patrons and collectors. They dominated the political and cultural life of Florence from the 15th century to the mid-18th. Their name and their coat-of-arms showing five to nine spheres were not derived from medical ancestors, since the family had always been merchants. However, they appropriated this interpretation, making the physicians Cosmas and Damian their patron saints. International trade in wool, silk, metals and spices made

Reference Entry.  27631 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Art

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