Journal Article

Longevity and the ε2 Allele of Apolipoprotein E

Giovanni B. Frisoni, Jukka Louhija, Cristina Geroldi and Marco Trabucchi

in The Journals of Gerontology: Series A

Published on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America

Volume 56, issue 2, pages M75-M78
Published in print February 2001 | ISSN: 1079-5006
Published online February 2001 | e-ISSN: 1758-535X | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gerona/56.2.M75
Longevity and the ε2 Allele of Apolipoprotein E

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Background. Whether and which genetic factors affect human longevity is unclear. This study assesses the association between the ε2 allele of apolipoprotein E (APOE), a putative longevity gene, and extremely old age.

Methods. This study is based on all centenarians living in Finland in 1991. Subjects were 179 persons (28 men and 151 women) aged 100 years and older (response rate, 97%).

Results. The percentages of ε2-allele carriers in persons aged 100 to 101, 102 to 103, and 104 years and older were 9% (10/117), 21% (9/42), and 25% (5/20; gender-adjusted p for trend = .01), respectively. The effect was particularly strong in women: 8% (8/100), 18% (6/33), and 28% (5/18; p for trend = .01) by age group, respectively. Low cell numbers prevented clear conclusions being drawn for men. Seventeen percent (30/179) of the adult Finnish population were carriers of the ε4 allele, a figure lower than expected, and stable by age group.

Conclusions. Carriers of the ε2 allele of APOE might be predisposed to reach extremely old age.

Journal Article.  2715 words. 

Subjects: Geriatric Medicine ; Biological Sciences

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