Journal Article

Hyaluronan oligomers sensitize chronic myeloid leukemia cell lines to the effect of Imatinib

Silvina Laura Lompardía, Mariángeles Díaz, Daniela Laura Papademetrio, Marilina Mascaró, Matías Pibuel, Elida Álvarez and Silvia Elvira Hajos

in Glycobiology

Volume 26, issue 4, pages 343-352
Published in print April 2016 | ISSN: 0959-6658
Published online November 2015 | e-ISSN: 1460-2423 | DOI:
Hyaluronan oligomers sensitize chronic myeloid leukemia cell lines to the effect of Imatinib

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Chronic myeloid leukemia is a myeloproliferative syndrome characterized by the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph), generated by a reciprocal translocation occurring between chromosomes 9 and 22 [t(9;22)(q34;q11)]. As a consequence, a fusion gene (bcr-abl) encoding a constitutively active kinase is generated. The first-line treatment consists on BCR-ABL inhibitors such as Imatinib, Nilotinib and Dasatinib. Nevertheless, such treatment may lead to the selection of resistant cells. Therefore, finding molecules that enhance the anti-proliferative effect of first-line drugs is of value. Hyaluronan oligomers (oHA) are known to be able to sensitize several tumor cells to chemotherapy. We have previously demonstrated that oHA can revert Vincristine resistance in mouse lymphoma and human leukemia cell lines. However, little is known about the role of oHA in hematological malignancies. The aim of this work was to determine whether oHA are able to modulate the anti-proliferative effect of Imatinib in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell lines. The effect on apoptosis and senescence as well as the involvement of signaling pathways were also evaluated. For this purpose, the human CML cell lines K562 and Kv562 (resistant) were used. We demonstrated that oHA sensitized both cell lines to the anti-proliferative effect of Imatinib increasing apoptosis and senescence. Moreover, this effect would be accomplished through the down-regulation of the PI3K signaling pathway. These findings highlight the potential of oHA when used as a co-adjuvant therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia.

Keywords: apoptosis; chronic myeloid leukemia; hyaluronan oligomers; Imatinib; senescence

Journal Article.  6038 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Carbohydrates

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