Reference Entry

Byzantine chant

Kenneth Levy and Christian Troelsgård

in Grove Music Online

Volume Grove Music Online, issue Published in print January 2001 |
Published online January 2001 | e-ISBN: 9781561592630

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Music of the liturgical rite of the Christian Roman Empire of the East from the time of the establishment of Constantinople (at the site of ancient Byzantium) in the early 4th century and persisting beyond the interruption of the Eastern imperial succession by the Ottoman conquest in 1453. The rite is still practised by tens of millions of Eastern Orthodox Christians whose native language, or liturgical language, is Greek. Through translation into Syriac, Coptic, Arabic,

Keywords: Manuscript sources and their notation; Ekphonetic (lectionary) notation; Melodic notation; Liturgical recitatives; System of eight modes (‘oktōēchos’); Syllabic psalm tones; Formulaic chants; Florid psalmody: ‘prokeimena’, ‘allēlouïaria’ and ‘koinōnika’; Byzantine hymns; Syllabic hymn settings; Florid hymn settings in classical styles: ‘kontakion’ and ‘hypakoē’; Post-classical florid styles: the kalophonic style and the emergence of personal styles; The Ordinary of the Divine Liturgy and Office; Paraliturgical and instrumental music; Byzantium and the Slavs; Byzantium and the West; Byzantine music theory

Reference Entry.  19125 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Music

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