Reference Entry


John Spitzer, Neal Zaslaw, Leon Botstein, Charles Barber, José A. Bowen and Jack Westrup

in Grove Music Online

Volume Grove Music Online, issue Published in print January 2001 |
Published online January 2001 | e-ISBN: 9781561592630

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Modern conducting combines at least three functions: 1) the conductor beats time with his or her hands or with a baton in performance; 2) the conductor makes interpretative decisions about musical works and implements these decisions in rehearsal and performance; 3) the conductor participates in the administration of the musical ensemble. The word conducting acquired its present meaning in the 19th century, as the practice developed in its modern form. Conducting is largely limited to

Keywords: History to 1800; History since 1820; Technique

Reference Entry.  11413 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Music

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