Reference Entry


William Drabkin

in Grove Music Online

Volume Grove Music Online, issue Published in print January 2001 |
Published online January 2001 | e-ISBN: 9781561592630

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A succession of notes played backwards, either retaining or abandoning the rhythm of the original. It has always been regarded as among the more esoteric ways of extending musical structures, one that does not necessarily invite the listener's appreciation. In the Middle Ages and Renaissance it was applied to cantus firmi, sometimes with elaborate indications of rhythmic organization given in cryptic Latin inscriptions in the musical manuscripts; rarely was it intended to be detected from

Reference Entry.  221 words. 

Subjects: Music

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